A Pepperdine University study, "The Impact of Empowered Employees on Corporate Value," reveals companies that truly empower their workers experience better financial results than companies that lack employee empowerment. As the study concludes, empowering employees with the ability to learn and improve faster than competitors results in the only true sustainable advantage.
Empowering others is no longer just a buzzword. Empowered employees are good for business.
“No executive," management expert Peter Drucker once said, "has ever suffered because his subordinates were strong and effective.”
Here are some ideas for strengthening your employees so they, in turn, can strengthen your business:
1. Get Out Of The Kitchen
Let people do their jobs without interfering—micromanaging people stifles them and makes them less likely to give their best. In this video, Eddie Kreinik, CEO of MagicInk Interactive, talks about how he went from micromanaging to letting his employees "shape the business." The result was not only happier workers but greater success for his company than he would have achieved had he continued to micromanage.
Employees crave a sense of autonomy, a feeling that they can direct their own lives. In this RSA Animate, "Drive: The Surprising Truth of What Motivates Us," author Dan Pink reveals that autonomy is at the top of the list of what motivates people. Want strong, productive, happy employees? Hire the best, give them clear goals and broad parameters, and allow them discretion and latitude on how they do the work. They might surprise you with their ingenuity.
2. Fling The Door Wide Open On Information
Not sharing information is the most disempowering thing you can do. A study by George Mason University showed that, apart from interesting work and appreciation for work well done, a feeling of being "in on things" tops the list of what many employees want. Sharing information ensures that everyone on the team understands the critical issues and essential tasks required for success.
Don't wait for the monthly meeting to let people know what's happening. Make use of social networking tools, for example, to share just-in-time information. And don't be stingy with what you share. In The Leadership Challenge: How to Make Extraordinary Things Happen in Organizations, authors Jim Kouzes and Barry Posner provide a set of questions you can use to gauge if you're keeping people informed. For example, can everyone in your company answer the five questions below? If they can't, they'll be at a disadvantage in knowing how their performance affects other parts of the business.
- How do we make money (profit)?
- Who are our toughest competitors?
- What do customers see as our differential advantages in the marketplace?
- What new products or services will we initiate in the next six months?
- What have our annual profits and revenues been over the past five years?
3. Establish Quality Circles
Quality circles are an empowering alternative to keeping employees boxed within the narrow confines of their compartmentalized functions. Choose a group of talented employees who are skilled at problem solving, and give them a work-related challenge you're trying to solve. Let them analyze the situation and present solutions. The more they do this, the stronger they become.
4. Enrich Jobs
Give people more authority within their functional areas, such as eliminating some approval steps to deal with day-to-day issues, or assigning additional responsibilities usually reserved for managers. Think about rotating jobs to allow employees to become cross functional. Take some inspiration from the Hackman and Oldham model in structuring how people do the work. One of the precepts of this model is to help people "own" what they do by paying attention to what's known as "task identity." This means allowing a person to complete something they're working on, from start to finish, so they can claim responsibility for the final output. Everyone wants to sign their own work.
Another way of looking at this is getting people invested in their jobs. An example of an entrepreneur who does this well is founder of Savor Spa. In this video, Kim says, "Employee management comes down to one thing: Ownership. How much are you invested in this?" As a a self-starter, Kim wanted things done in her own style, until she learned to let her staff have a hand in creating treatments for clients. Treat people as owners, not hired hands—the results are good for employees, customers and the business.
5. Let Employees Make Decisions
Nothing kicks employees' personal power into high gear more than having a voice in the decision-making process when it comes to areas that affect their work. The people who are best qualified to make decisions about customer issues, for example, are often those closest to the customer. But, in an interview with Pepperdine University, Steven Bilt, CEO of Bright Now! Dental, cautions that even your best employees will inevitably make some wrong decisions. If that happens, Bilt says, you need a culture that says to employees, “Fix it. If you can’t fix it, elevate it and we’ll help you fix it.”
Fear is the antithesis to empowerment. Eliminating the fear of making a mistake is one of the keys to truly empowering people.
6. Update Your Technology Policies
Don't restrict your employees from using their own social tools at work. A recent Microsoft study shows that 39 percent of employees feel there isn’t enough collaboration in their workplaces, and 40 percent believe social tools help foster better teamwork. Some are even willing to spend their own money to buy social tools.
You might also consider allowing a few personal Facebook breaks. A study shown in the infographic "The Case for Facebook" by Keas, a corporate wellness company, reveals that a few Facebook breaks can energize employees and make them more productive.
7. Allow Some Corporate Breathing Space
Working in a stifling environment snuffs the life out of enthusiasm and initiative. Eventually, your best brains will walk out the door to seek fresh air elsewhere. One of the simplest ways to empower people is to treat them like adults. This means eliminating any stupid rules and cumbersome procedures and policies that slow people down and prevent them from doing their most productive work. It means allowing people some flexibility in setting their own schedules, if it doesn't interfere with the accomplishment of goals. It also means designing flexible vacation policies, or allowing some telecommuting.
Worried that loosening the reins might result in chaos? The antidote to this is hiring the right people, people you trust, and then trust that they'll do the right thing. If you don't trust them, they don't belong on your team in the first place.
8. Lower Employee Stress
It doesn't matter how many empowerment initiatives you introduce—if people are stressed, their focus will be more on minimizing their stress by paying attention to what keeps them safe than on what makes your company grow. A highly politicized environment, favoritism, rampant gossip, negativity, big egos and unfairness can all drain mental energy.
One of the best things you can do is to keep the SCARF model in mind every day when you manage your people. The SCARF model is the brainchild of neuroscientist David Rock. SCARF stands for the five drivers that subconsciously influence people: Status (their feeling of their position in the pecking order; feeling appreciated), Certainty (a lack of anxiety about their future or about expectations), Autonomy (a feeling that they have choices), Relatedness (feeling safe with others; a sense of trust; a human connection), and Fairness (a feeling of fair exchanges, fair connections with others, and no secrets). Respecting these five drivers may ultimately be the most powerful way to enable others to act.
Bruna Martinuzzi is the founder of Clarion Enterprises Ltd. and the author of two books: Presenting with Credibility: Practical Tools and Techniques for Effective Presentations and The Leader as a Mensch: Become the Kind of Person Others Want to Follow.
Read more articles on leadership.
Photo: Getty Images