By Tobi Elkin | American Express Credit Intel Freelance Contributor
4 Min Read | June 14, 2021 in Credit Score
With identity theft and credit card fraud on the rise, setting up a fraud alert on your credit report is considered a good practice to protect yourself from bad actors.
Setting up a fraud alert on your credit report is fairly easy to do.
A temporary fraud alert lasts for one year unless you cancel it sooner and requires creditors to confirm your identity before processing a credit card application.
Credit card fraud is one of the fastest growing forms of identity theft: Federal Trade Commission data shows it doubled in the first quarter 2020 over the same period in 2019 and has remained higher since.1 And as identity and credit card theft grow more prevalent, more people are taking steps to protect themselves from fraud. Setting up a fraud alert on your credit report is an important – and relatively easy – step you can take to make it harder for fraudsters to open credit card accounts in your name.
You can place a credit bureau fraud alert simply by requesting one from one of the three major credit reporting agencies; asking one credit bureau triggers the other two to place an alert on your report as well.
According to the Experian credit reporting agency, “A fraud alert is a free notification you can add to your credit report, instructing anyone receiving a credit application in your name to verify your identity before processing the application.”2 Alerts remain on your credit report for one year unless you request an early termination. And you can request another alert when the year expires.
Having a fraud alert in place means businesses such as credit card issuers, potential employers, landlords, insurance companies, and rental car companies must contact you to confirm your identity before extending credit.
A fraud alert requires lenders to take extra steps to confirm your identity before extending credit. When a fraud alert is set on your credit report, a lender who accesses your report will be notified of the alert. They will then attempt to confirm your identity by contacting you at a phone number you provide, for example, before completing a request for credit. This can make it more difficult for a fraudster to open new accounts or modify existing accounts in your name. A standard fraud alert is free and lasts one year.
Requesting a fraud alert is a good idea if someone other than you has used your personal data. Similarly, an alert is helpful if you have recently lost your wallet, had personal account or financial information stolen, or were informed of a data breach at a company that has your account information.
An extended fraud alert lasts for seven years. Only people who have experienced identity theft may request an extended fraud alert. In order to obtain one, you must have a police report or a Federal Trade Commission Identity Theft Report to support the request. Extended fraud alerts can also be renewed but require one of those documents each time to confirm eligibility.
Active duty military service members have the option of requesting an active duty fraud alert if they will be deployed on assignment. This type of fraud alert lasts for one year and can be renewed as often as necessary while the service member is deployed. Military service members can have a personal representative with a power of attorney add an active duty alert on their behalf if they’re already deployed. They can update or remove an alert by phone or mail and receive help from the Consumer Finance Protection Bureau or the office of their state’s attorney general.
Requesting a fraud alert does not affect your ability to borrow money, your credit score, or the details of your credit report. In some cases, it may delay an application, for example, if you’re applying for a new credit card. The reason? Those extra steps a fraud alert triggers may take more time to verify your identity for application processing.
People who are concerned about their personal data and identity being compromised – and such concern is wise as identity theft and fraud are on the rise – should set up a fraud alert. It can be removed at any time and also renewed when it expires. If you suspect or know your personal information was stolen or compromised, setting up a fraud alert is a proactive step you can take.