5 Min Read | Updated: November 30, 2023

Originally Published: November 06, 2019

What, Exactly, is “Personal Finance”?

Understand what personal finance is, why it is important and how you too can do personal finance to help you manage your money.

Personal Finance

This article contains general information and is not intended to provide information that is specific to American Express products and services. Similar products and services offered by different companies will have different features and you should always read about product details before acquiring any financial product.


Your relationship to money is stunningly intimate.

Personal finance helps you manage your money to achieve financial and lifestyle goals that match your individual wants and needs.

It helps you build wealth while accommodating your particular tolerance for risk.

Chances are, you’ve come across the phrase “personal finance.” Maybe you’ve used it. Maybe you searched for it and that’s why you’re here. But have you thought about exactly what it means? Something about individuals, something about money. It turns out that, properly defined, personal finance is richer, deeper, and even more important than it appears.

What is the Meaning of Personal Finance? It’s Deeply Personal

Like each of us, you’re a unique individual. Sure, you share some characteristics with others, and that’s no surprise. You’re influenced by your parents, family, friends, teachers, neighbors, culture, and country. And, while psychologists and philosophers are still trying to pin down “human nature,” whatever exactly it is, you’ve got it! But other characteristics are 100 percent yours—even identical twins have different personalities and perspectives.


All those characteristics, whether common or unique, help shape what you want out of life. Are you trying to build a safe and secure home for your family? Are you worried about the future, or confident that it’ll all work out fine? Do you value experiences more than possessions, or vice versa? Are you highly competitive, or more fulfilled in supporting others as a team player—or maybe you get kicks both ways?


Money turns out to be stunningly intimate. Your answers to questions like these shape how you view money and, therefore, how you manage your personal finances.


Personal finance strategy is about choosing monetary approaches that’ll work for you, based on your personality, values, and goals. Because, even if your current approach isn’t working, any new personal finance strategies you pursue still need to reflect who you are—or it’s likely you won’t be comfortable with them, and they probably won’t work for you.


This is what makes personal finance management so very personal. And it’s why many financial advisors so often say that personal finance starts with being honest with yourself about what really matters to you.1

Why is Personal Finance Important? For Building Wealth & Security

Not all, but many of the financial goals people set for themselves either involve accumulating more money than they currently have or setting funds aside to meet a desired goal. For example, saving for college or a vacation. Buying a home. Preparing for retirement. Helping your children get started on financial independence, leaving them a legacy, or making sure you won’t be a burden to them.


But building wealth requires dealing with a closely related issue: risk.


Humans have always had to make judgments about risk. (“Shall I go pick berries? I’m hungry, but there might be a lion out there.”) We all make those judgments—and, as behavioral economists have discovered, we tend towards similar biases when we do.2 (For example, most of us worry more about losing money than we are pleased about winning the same amount.)


That said, some people are bigger risk-takers than others. Personal finance involves respecting your personal view of risk—though most financial advice would discourage you from behaving too recklessly with your hard-earned money.3,4

How Do You ‘Do’ Personal Finance? Finding Paths to Your Monetary Goals

So, how can personal finance management help you accumulate more money with a level of risk appropriate for you? First, by identifying ways to spend less and save more. Experts typically recommend personal finance strategies for cutting day-to-day or big one-time expenses, or avoiding fees you shouldn’t have to pay3—for example, reducing interest payments, consolidating debt, or finding tax credits you weren’t aware of. Sometimes, personal finance strategy might also help you earn more—perhaps by helping you plan for an education credential that could earn you a raise or promotion.


Often, though, personal finance also involves helping you make better decisions about growing the money you have. That means investing—and choosing how to invest. Lower-interest, relatively safe savings accounts, CDs, or U.S. treasury bonds? Individual stocks? Corporate or municipal bonds? Mutual funds or exchange-traded funds? Annuities?


Personal financial planning involves figuring out which options make the best sense for you, based on your goals, how soon you’ll need the money, and—again—how you view risk. (One common personal finance strategy for controlling risk is diversification: purchasing different kinds of assets that tend to react differently to a given stimuli, or increase and decrease in value at different times, reducing the risk that they’ll all decrease in value together.3,5) You can also consider:


  • How much the investments cost. You don’t want too much of your profits eaten up by fees.
  • How much you’ll pay in taxes. What matters is what you can keep.
  • How the overall economic outlook may affect your investments.

Getting the Right Personal Finance Help

Nowadays, there are plenty of ways to get personal finance advice. For example, you can get it from websites like ours, and articles like this. You can read books. Many reputable authors write about personal finance, often emphasizing different aspects.


You can also use software tools to help with budgeting and tracking your assets, or online investment apps to help select investments.


Another option is to get in-person financial advice from an advisor, planner or broker who works for a financial services company. They may not charge you directly, but might earn different levels of commission based on what they sell you.6,7 So you may want to ask about their philosophies. For example, are they only expected to recommend “suitable” investments, or do they accept a fiduciary responsibility to place your interest above theirs?


Finally, you can get in-person advice from a certified financial planner you pay directly and who works as an independent agent. Whatever approach you choose, it usually makes sense to be more intentional about personal finance by spending time thinking about what you want and how you can get it.

The Takeaway

Personal finance management involves reflecting on your personality and values and then choosing the strategies and tools most likely to help you achieve your money-related goals as comfortably, and safely, as possible.

Bill Camarda

Bill Camarda has more than 30 years’ experience writing about business, technology, and finance. He is author or co-author of 19 books on information technology.


All Credit Intel content is written by freelance authors and commissioned and paid for by American Express. 

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